The University of Georgia’s Regenerative Bio-science Center is building what they are calling a “Frozen Zoo”. This genetic storage shelter will save a vast amount of species ranging and starting with Big Cats, to any other animal. To gather the stem cells, scientists complete a noninvasive procedure by extracting cells on the skin of the animal. The cells are then converted to stem cells by introducing a special gene. From this point, the sperm or eggs can be produced. In my opinion, this is a major breakthrough in genetics and if successful, will play a major role with the rebirth of endangered species. As this article mainly focuses on Big Cats, the Florida Panther is looking as a significant animal to which will be reborn. This will completely transform our world and animals if successful to give life back to each struggling species.
Republican GOP primary and possible front runner Jeb Bush, brother of former president George W. Bush and son of former president George H. Bush, has come forth and proposed an energy plan for an eventual election in office. Energy and the Environmental Issues of the world are usually unpopular among conservatives and Republicans. However, this runner has spoke loud and clear about his thoughts. “As president, I would approve the XL pipeline, for crying out loud. That is the lowest hanging fruit,” said Bush.
“Keystone XL is a proposed tar sands pipeline that would connect Alberta, Canada with Gulf Coast refineries that would carry 800,000 barrels per day of tar sands oil across the United States to be refined, exported and burned.” (350.org)
Many environmentalists who disagree with the pipeline say that it hurts the neighborhoods severely where the pipeline would be, but Bush says that this plan could create thousands of jobs. He also says with all of his energy ideas, he can create up to a million jobs. Governor Bush is all about utilizing natural gas and crude oil, which he hopes he can lift the ban off on foreign policy.
“We need to embrace energy revolution. We have it in our midst,” he told the audience, which was gathered under a tent outside as heavy rain poured down around it.
Part of that revolution, he has argued in the past, includes new advances in horizontal drilling and hydraulic fracturing.
In the 1970s, it was concluded that Los Angeles was considered “the smog capital of the world.” It was then concluded, that the people inhabiting Los Angeles during this time were suffering of heart problems and shortened lifespans. During the time that this was discovered, The Clean Air Act was passed in hopes of uplifting the quality of the air that we breathe. Having research done, it was found that The Clean Air Act has prevented premature deaths that are caused from heart issues. Observing the life expectancies of people from Los Angeles, it was discovered that since The Clean Air Act was imposed, the average life expectancy of a person living in Los Angeles has increased by a year and 8 months. In addition, people living in New York and Chicago gained 2 years. In addition, it is said that a child born in Steubenville, Ohio today is expected to live 5 years longer than if he were born before 1970.
The Clean Air Act was not the only cause for the added life expectancies, but it was definitely major cause for it. In China, where the environment is at an extremely bad state, the government had seen the need for reform because of the fact that the environment has gone to such extreme bad measures. Because of these steps taken to take a stand to prevent further destruction of the environment, hundreds of millions of life years were saved. Lastly, the United States needs to try to disregard the costs of the programs that help the environment, but consider that they truly will make a difference.
Research shows that chemicals in antibacterial products may not be as great as people think. Chemicals in these products such as triclosan and triclocarban, are creating a bacteria that is antibacterial resistant. These chemicals leave a residue on surfaces they are supposedly cleaning. While they are killing certain bacterias, they are not killing all of them. The ones that they are not killing are becoming resistant to certain bacterias. This can cause problems because people can become resistant to certain medical treatments. Both triclosan and triclocarban, are present in 60 percent of America’s streams and rivers. The two chemicals are efficiently removed from wastewater in treatment plants. However, they end up staying in the materials which are used as fertilizer for crops. Therefore, they can potentially contaminate the food we eat, and thus causing antimicrobial resistance. These compounds have been shown to disrupt hormones essential neural and reproductive development as well. There are currently over 2,000 over-the-counter products containing these chemicals such as toothpaste, soaps, detergents, paints, and school supplies. Minnesota is the first state to pass a ban on the use of these antimicrobials in certain products. This ban will take effect starting January 2017. A few companies such as Johnson & Johnson and Procter & Gamble have also discontinued these compounds from some of their products. The FDA has been recommended a to conduct a scientific review of these compounds and if they have a sufficient amount of evidence, they may consider putting a national ban on them.
Ballantyne, Coco. “Strange but True: Antibacterial Products May Do More Harm Than Good.” Scientific American Global RSS. N.p., 7 June 2007. Web. 30 Sept. 2015. <http://www.scientificamerican.com/article/strange-but-true-antibacterial-products-may-do-more-harm-than-good/>.
Iyer, Shweta. “Antibacterial Products May Harm Pregnant Moms And Their Babies.” Medical Daily. N.p., 10 Aug. 2014. Web. 30 Sept. 2015. <http://www.medicaldaily.com/antibacterial-compounds-everyday-products-may-affect-fetuses-lengths-297412>.
“U.S. Food and Drug Administration.” FDA Taking Closer Look at ‘Antibacterial’ Soap. N.p., 16 Dec. 2013. Web. 30 Sept. 2015. <http://www.fda.gov/ForConsumers/ConsumerUpdates/ucm378393.htm>.
New research suggests that nearly half of the seafood supply in the U.S is wasted each year. The total waste of edible seafood in the United States was found to be 3.2 billion pounds yearly. The cause for this seems simply due to consumer waste. The research was conducted due to the recent spotlight on food waste in general. The sustainability of the world’s seafood sources has been in question for several years now. The reason for this being that marine life has decreased in half over the decades. In 2010 The United States Dietary Guidelines encouraged people to increase seafood consumption and other countries followed. But overfishing, climate change, pollution, habitat destruction and the use of fish for other purposes besides human consumption creates a great threat towards the global seafood supply.
Johns Hopkins University Bloomberg School of Public Health. “Nearly half of U.S. seafood supply is wasted, study shows: Waste adds to other problems threatening global seafood resources such as overfishing, pollution and climate change.” ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 23 September 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/09/150923182216.htm>.
Recent studies reveal a major decline in marine life. From 1970 to 2012 marine biodiversity has gone down by 49%, and some fish species declining by 75%. The report also includes declines in corals reefs, mangroves, and sea grass. Which are all a vital part to marine food webs. Coral Reefs provide a home to over 25% of marine life and provide 850 million people with the economic, cultural, and socail benefits. The loss of coral reefs would cause devastating consequences for marine wildlife and humans. Sadly, the cause of the decline is due greatly to human activities. Such as, overfishing, climate change, and marine life habitat destruction. The report highlights ways to reverse the decline, through protecting marine life habitats, regulating and improve fishing practices, making fish stocks more sustainable and finding a way to redirect financial support towards these changes. Although there is a way to fix the decline, the change must start now. Brad Ack, senior vice president for oceans at WWF, stated “Stopping black market fishing, protecting coral reefs, mangroves and other critical ocean habitats, and striking a deal in Paris to slash carbon pollution are all good for the ocean, the economy, and people. Now is the time for the US and other world players to lead on these important opportunities.”
Overall, I feel this article relates to Floridians especially because we are constantly surrounded by marine life and it is our duty as global citizens to keep our ocean’s wildlife safe.
World Wildlife Fund. “Ocean’s wildlife populations down by half.” ScienceDaily. ScienceDaily, 17 September 2015. <www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2015/09/150917095044.htm>.
New studies have shown that the microbeads that exist in our favorite body products, such as soaps, scrubs, exfoliates, can be dangerous for marine life. 8 trillion microbeads a day are released into our water systems. The microbeads are advertised as being sensational to the skin, but their main use is for making the products go down the drain more easily. They end up in the ocean and contribute to the large microplastic debris that is being disposed in our seas. They are so mall, just 5 mm in width, it is extremely hard to clean them up. Scientists have called for a ban of these microbeads nationwide. So far Illinois, Connecticut, New Jersey, and Colorado are the only states who have made effective changes on this problem. So, what we can do is stop using these products. Yes, they can be “sensational” to the face and what not, but if the fish eat the plastic debris, this problem becomes a bio accumulating one. We eat the fish, and now we are eating the plastic. Win-lose-lose.