This article is about Federal Trade Commissioners noting that many companies have been using eco-labeling inaccurately and to the companies advantage. For example, the agency brought cases against Amazon.com, Macy’s, and Sears for selling clothing made with bamboo that was fashioned with an ungreen material therefore making it not eco friendly yet it was labeled as eco friendly. Therefore, trade commissioners are keeping a close eye on products that may contain false labeling. The trade commissioners stated that they bring the cases up because the consumers are the ones who believe they are doing good by consuming this certain product when in reality it is harmful to the environment. Another problem rose by environmental groups. The environmental groups stated that companies have been falsely claiming that their product or service is somehow more environmentally friendly or sustainable than similar products. This has been seen with many timber industries that certify paper as being “green” when most products that contain paper are indeed “green”. These same environmental groups who claim that this timber company may have a recyclable product labeled correctly but their method of making the product damages forests with methods like clear-cutting, overusing pesticides, and destroying habitats or rare species. Therefore, these environmental groups state that eco-labeling should not only be for the product but they way in which it was made. There have been new guidelines in the US stating that a company can claim that a product or process is environmentally sound yet the environmental groups test these guidelines because anyone can claim that their products or companies are environmentally friendly. The Federal Trade Commissioners warns manufacturers or marketers not to use broad claims that a product is “environmentally friendly” or “eco-friendly,” because these statements frequently have no scientific basis and mislead consumers. The agency also now warns against claiming that a product is biodegradable, free of harmful substances, made with renewable energy or made with all-natural materials unless these statements can be proven. There are concerns that conflicts may arise because more companies are seeking to position themselves in a ”green” marketplace.
Global Policy, Toxicity, and Pest Management: eco-labeling
This article is about the debates in Europe on how to improve the management of Europe’s fishing fleet and the fishing policies. The European Union’s Common Fisheries Policy is a new organization that helps prevent overfishing and helps to ensure that fish will no longer be on the brink of extinction. Europe has focused on regulating fishing for many decades but according to environmental activists, 80 percent of fish stocks globally are facing extinction. There is a group called the Breton Fisherman that manages large amounts of fish in France. They are the largest fishing fleet in France and they are worth about $374 million. Some members of this organization stated that before the regulations, they did whatever they wanted which caused serious amounts of fish to die daily. Because of the regulation set up in Europe today, this organization and many other fisheries are aware of the problem overfishing causes and they are required to respect the law. But although this law is in place, there are a few challenges that need to be faced in order to improve overfishing. This includes teaching fisheries to minimize the number of unwanted fish that are netted along with the fish that is valuable. The Breton fisheries have developed several designs for nets for sorting fish. One of their designs includes a sorting grille at the bottom of the net which would allow small fish to escape. With this new innovation, it is said that this fishing fleet has spared 14 million unwanted hake and 70 million undersized langoustine annually. If one does not follow the policy of overfishing, it can result in confiscation of the catch. Although innovations can be made to reduce overfishing, new policies are being looked at to ensure that regulations are made correctly. An idea introduced would be the sale of fishing rights so not that many people would be fishing but this could be a problem for smaller fleets because they could lose their jobs. But a debate occurs whether it is fair to do this because based on research, smaller fleets are more sustainable because they fish more selectively while larger fleets tend to overfish more. So far, it seems as if larger industries will be taking over the fishing industries which will cause a collapse of fisheries but maintain reduce the amount of fish being overfished. Policies are still being discussed on how to implement fishing regulations in Europe and they will continue to reduce the amount of overfishing.
Tragedy of the Commons: Overfishing causing collapse of fisheries
Scientists from the Hebrew University of Jerusalem have discovered why some corals use energy to pulsate. These fascinating corals are the only organisms in the ocean besides jellyfish that pulsate. Scientists found out that these corals pulsate in order to move food closed to them. After watching several coral colonies with a camera night and day they found that the coral cease to pulsate and take a half-hour break every single day in the afternoon hours. Analysis of the direction of water flow showed that corals sweeps water up and away from their tissues into the ambient water. Corals need carbon-dioxide during daytime and oxygen during nighttime, as well as nutrients during day and night. for this reason this type of coral pulsates.
Scientists have used GPS technology to find out that especially the dominant male tortoise moves around 10 kilometers into the highlands of the island on a regular basis. On the other hand, the young tortoises stay year round in the lowlands. The large male tortoises begin their migration at the beginning of the dry season. In the cool dry season, the highlands are littered in fog which allows the vegetation to grow even though there is not enough rain in the lowlands. With three dimensional tracking scientists have opened up a light in the elusive Galapagos tortoise’s life.
First off, it says that the hopes of Nasa in the 2020′s is that as Nasa astronauts start visiting asteroids, corporate will be living on the moon. Nasa expects to be on asteroids by 2025, and Mars a decade later. Other companies are more interested in investing in just flights to and research of the moon. $100 million has been proposed by Obama for the US space agency who plan to find a small asteroid and reposition near the moon for further studies by astronauts.
Florida’s manatees have died in record numbers this year due to a toxic red algae bloom. This red algae bloom appears every year off of the western coast of Florida. The problem with the algae is that it has a nerve poison called brevetoxin that can be found underwater and can be blown through the air when waves break. Other animals and people as well can become ill after inhaling the toxins.
Experts are unaware as to why this year’s algae bloom was so long, but some, like Mr. Rose and Dr. Martine DeWit, believe it to be a coincidence between the weather and timing. Dr. DeWit believed that a mild winter helped the algae live longer and caused more blooms off shore when the manatees were looking for warmer waters.
Jordan is the 4 poorest country in terms of water resource per capita. Only 5 percent of the land is usable for agriculture. Jordanians took to the streets last summer to protest water shortages. “Every village and city in Jordan right now is only receiving water once a week,” said Basem Telfah, secretary general of the Ministry of Water and Irrigation. “Some provinces are receiving water once every two or three weeks.”The Jordanian government announced that an anticipated long term solution would be a project that would have extracted 2.15 billion cubic meters, of water from the Red Sea every year. Due to the cost of $14 billion dollar project it was cancelled.
Jordan is betting heavily on ,major pipeline, Disi Water Conveyance Project, which is expected to start to transport water next year to the capital, Amman, from deep underground sources shared by Saudi arabia.It is the largest project yet in Jordan, the project will cost an estimated $1.2 billion, according to the Disi project director, Bassam Saleh.