Andrea Gonzalez Over the last 10 years restaurants in the United States have been striving towards more sustainable seafood, by selling and serving local and wild fish that are not endangered. For example, a restaurant in Brooklyn, New York named Greenpiont Fish and Lobster Company serves lion fish, blue catfish, and almaco jack instead of cod, a fish threatened by extinction. Furthermore, chefs and restaurant owners also benefit because since these “rare” fish are less in demand they are much less expensive. Chefs also state that working with rare ingredients “forces you to be creative.” The idea of sustainable fish has spread to local restaurants as well, such as “Beach Craft” in Miami Beach. Mr.Colicchio the restaurant owner stated that it has been a challenge because “being in a hotel people want the usual things”. The movement towards more sustainable seafood began in New York City and the process has changed restaurants way of thinking and said a restaurant owner in New York City “There aren’t any “trash fish”, just under-appreciated and unrecognized.”
Elon Musk is a boss! Many people might never have heard of him, but he’s the guy who owns Space X, Paypal, SolarCity, and of course Tesla Motors. In a recent CNN interview, he said that the goal of Tesla from the start was to create a high-volume, low priced electric car that is sustainable for the environment. Although his Physics degree is shared with his Business degree, his business philosophies have not created an ego in his most well-known company, Tesla. In fact, he encourages other brands like GMC.
On the matter of solar energy, he says that people of the world will have to sacrifice the means of the present for the future too. For the obvious reason he says, that we are running out of fossil fuels.
He also is expanding SpaceX to Mars to grow habitable conditions for plants and animals.
A recent mosquito born virus spread to two-dozen countries quite quickly. The Zika virus has lead to babies being born with abnormally small heads. The disorder, microcephaly, leads to severe development issues and on some occasions, death. The mosquito is called the aedes aegypti and it was eliminated by DDT. The WHO director has estimated that by next year, 3-4 million people in the Americas will be affected with the Zika Virus. So far there is no treatment or vaccine. Experts say the banned pesticide, DDT, is helpful in killing the mosquitoes.
Most say that the pesticide, DDT, wont be back considering its health risks and effects on animals, environment and pregnant mothers. It can lead to developmental defects and it remains in the body for a long time. It once was the “miracle pesticide” and was greatly used all across the world. It has been banned since 1972. It poses a risk so the safest route is to find a more appropriate way to kill the mosquitoes.
Through Anthropocene study researchers discovered that due to the immense amounts of plastic waste accumulated our oceans and lands we will have multiple layers of plastic. Researchers are beginning to refer to it as the “Age of Plastic.” This is because human activity, such as the production of plastic permanently changed the surface of the planet, and therefore, humans are “dominating the Earth’s surface geology”. A Professor from the University of Leicesters Department of Geology further explained that “Plastics were more or less unknown to our grandparents, when they were children. But now, they are indispensible to our lives.” For example, most of our food and water comes wrapped in plastic, even our clothes are made up of it.
The reason plastic is rapidly accumulating is because plastic has a very long lasting impact, in other words it takes very very long to degrade. Therefore, when plastic finds its way onto a landscape it gradually becomes integrated with the soil and then goes into our oceans. As a result, it is consumed by and kills many plankton, fish and seabirds. Not only this, but plastics travel thousands of miles eventually getting caught in the “great oceanic garbage patches” or end up at our shores. Plastic can also sink onto the sea floor and become part of the layer for the future.
Something I found very interesting from the article is when Professor Zalasiewicz stated “Once buried, being so hard-wearing, plastics have a good chance to be fossilized — and leave a signal of the ultimate convenience material for many million years into the future. The age of plastic may really last for ages.” To think of plastic as a “fossil” is definitely strange and intriguing.
In 1972, the manatee was considered endangered. At this time, there were only 1,276 counted. Luckily, The U.S. Fish and Wildlife Service have finally declared the manatee population as “threatened” and now they are no longer endangered. Now there are a little over 6,300 manatees! This is a 500% increase in population. Unfortunately, We cant just be happy about this and keep on living our lives like their population wont go down anymore. The U.S. Fish and Wildlife service said that they are, “happy with the status quo, but the threat is still out there, and it’s not going away”. Most of these manatees decreasing in population are due to us and our boats. Most boaters disregard the “slow down for manatees” sign or some manatees wander off into unprotected zones where they are easily hit and killed. In my opinion, this is fantastic news because manatees are extremely peaceful animals who are extremely calm and friendly. They place no harm on us yet we destroy their population. The step of going from endangered to threatened is just a small step. They are still threatened which is not good. We can always work together to stop this and make them no longer threatened or endangered.
2015 was regarded by almost all scientists as the hottest year on record yet. However, new data suggests that it just might be 2016 that could get even hotter. “Temperatures reached the point in 2015 where it was 1 degree Celsius that of the late 19th century at the same time as carbon dioxide levels likely permanently rose above 400 parts per million.”
We’ve already seen talks about making sure that the global limit does not go over 2 degrees Celsius. This won’t stop climate change however, even if action was effective starting tomorrow.
Next year, due to the special El Nino surge, which is expected to peak in a few months.“So, while 2015 may be the warmest year on record so far, 2016 may well be even warmer,” Barnston, a forecaster for Columbia University’s Internation Research Institute for Climate Change said in an email.
“This forecast suggests that by the end of 2016 we will have seen three record, or near-record years in a row for global temperatures,” said head of the Met Office Adam Scaife.
“The last globally record cold year was 1911, while 15 of the 16 hottest years on record have occurred since 2001, according to NASA.”
We need to get out and vote for the candidate who is going to make the most progressive bid for a change on climate change.
(Tree dwelling lizard used for the study)
Cold blooded animals such as lizards, insects, and fish have a specific range for their body temperature in order to hunt, eat, move quickly, and reproduce. Increasing temperatures puts this range at risk and therefore, the animals survival at risk. Although, researcher Manuel Lealan associate professor of biological sciences at the University of Missouri “We’ve done very well at saying climate change will have an impact on ectotherms, but we’ve done less well at saying how they will be effected,”.
Therefore, researchers had to further study in detail the effects of the climate change. After proposing a conceptual framework they found that the cold blooded animals behaviors, such as eating and mating, are very sensitive to thermal change, especially when compared to the animals sprinting speed. A physiological trait that is used in most studies to find climate change effects.
Furthermore, the researchers concluded that,”Our analyses show that the physiological performance of A. cristatellus in dry habitats will decrease by about 25% under future warming, but that their activity budgets will decrease by 50%. Furthermore, the habitat will become much less suitable for reproductive behaviors, which are of course critically important for populations to avoid extinction.” In other words, at the increasing rate of temperature cold blooded animals may ultimately become extinct, due to their inability to reproduce.